Unit 2 HOME 1 курс

Unit 2 HOME

Text 1

Home, sweet home. It does not matter what your home is like — a country mansion, a more modest detached or semi-detached house, a flat in a block of flats or even a room in a communal flat. Anyway, it is the place where you once move in and start to furnish and decorate it to your own taste. It becomes your second «ego».

Your second «ego» is very big and disquieting if you have a house. There is enough space for everything: a hall, a kitchen with an adjacent dining-room, a living-room or a lounge, a couple of bedrooms and closets (storerooms), a toilet and a bathroom. You can walk slowly around the house thinking what else you can do to renovate it. In the hall you cast a glance at the coatrack and a chest of drawers for shoes. Probably, nothing needs to be changed here.

You come to the kitchen: kitchen furniture, kitchen utensils, a refrigerator (fridge) with a freezer, a dishdrainer, an electric or gas cooker with an oven. Maybe, it needs a cooker hood?

The dining-room is lovely. A big dining table with chairs in the centre, a cupboard with tea sets and dinner sets. There is enough place to keep all cutlery and crockery in. You know pretty well where things go.

The spacious living-room is the heart of the house. It is the place where you can have a chance to see the rest of your family. They come in the evening to sit around the coffee table in soft armchairs and on the sofa. You look at the wall units, stuffed with china, crystal and books. Some place is left for a stereo system and a TV set. A fireplace and houseplants make the living-room really cosy.

Your bedroom is your private area though most bedrooms are alike: a single or a double bed, a wardrobe, one or two bedside tables and a dressing-table.

You look inside the bathroom: a sink, hot and cold taps and a bath. There is nothing to see in the toilet except a flush-toilet.

You are quite satisfied with what you have seen, but still doubt disturbs you: ‘Is there anything to change?’ Yes! The walls of the rooms should be papered, and in the bathroom and toilet — tiled! Instead of linoleum there should be parquet floors. Instead of patterned curtains it is better to put darker plain ones, so that they might not show the dirt. You do it all, but doubt does not leave you. Then you start moving the furniture around in the bedroom, because the dressing-table blocks out the light. You are ready to give a sigh of relief, but… suddenly find out that the lounge is too crammed up with furniture.

Those who live in one-room or two-room flats may feel pity for those who live in houses. They do not have such problems. At the same time they have a lot of privileges: central heating, running water, a refuse-chute and… nice neighbours who like to play music at midnight. Owners of small flats are happy to have small problems and they love their homes no less than those who live in three-storeyed palaces. Home, sweet home.

TOPICAL VOCABULARY

Building

Erect the building

Dwelling

At home

Go home

Feel at home

Homeless

Property

Residence

Storey/floor

Two-storied building

Live on the ground floor (BrE)

Live on the first floor (AmE)

Top floor

Move

Move into

Move out

Housewarming party

Inhabitant

Owner

To furnish

Arrange furniture

To rent a room

Roof

Loft

Basement

Front door

Back door

Hedge

Pavement/sidewalk

Litter bin

Backyard

Kennel

To be in need of repair

Conveniences

Plug

Socket

Refuse chute

Water line

Tap

Tap is dripping

To flush

To keep house

Tidy up

Sweep

Wipe

Dust smth

Washing machine

Brush

Bucket

Floor cloth

Vacuum cleaner

Pan (dust pan)

Hall

Coat rack

Mirror

Chest of drawers

Suite

Upholstered furniture

Curtain

Carpet

Indoor plants

Wardrobe

Bedding

Blanket

Cushion

Pillow

Pillow-case

Towel

Bookshelf

Bedside cabinet

Drawer

Picture

Rug

Dressing table

Dining table

Cutlery drawer

Oilcloth

Table linen

Tablecloth

Ladder

Housewife

Refrigerator

Freezer

Working top

Oven

Sink

Dishwasher

Bath tub

Mixer tap

Towel rail

Soap dish

Washbasin

Mirrored bathroom cabinet

Shower cubical

Shower curtain

Exercise 1

Look at the picture. It depicts the living-room of a large family. Look at it for two minutes, then hide it and agree or disagree with the following statements. Test your perception and memory.

Pattern: The living-room is rather small. — No, I don’t think so, it is rather spacious.

1.In the middle of the room there is a big table.

2.The table is laid for dinner.

3.At the table there are two armchairs.

4.The armchairs are very comfortable with tall backs.

5.On the right there is a fireplace.

6.On the mantelpiece there is a clock.

7.Just opposite the fireplace there is a sofa.

8.There are four cushions on the sofa.

9.The sofa is small and comfortable.

10.In the foreground we can see a desk.

11.In the far left comer there is a standard lamp.

12.The walls are covered with beautiful carpets

Exercise 2

Look at the picture. Describe this picture in detail. What would you bring in or take away to make it look cosier? How would you furnish it to your taste?

Exercise 3

I. Match the idioms in the left column with their Russian equivalents in the right column.

1.to build one’s castle upon the sand А. выступать (перед аудиторией)

2.to build castles in the air В. указать кому-либо на дверь

3.room at the top С. припереть кого-либо к стенке

4.to do something under the table D. создавать что-либо непрочное

5.to be in the chair Е. ковёр-самолёт

6.to take the floor F. захлопнуть дверь перед носом

7.a window on the world G. председательствовать

8.to camp on somebody’s doorstep Н.верхняя ступенька социальной лестницы

9.to shut the door in somebody’s face I. ломиться в открытую дверь

10. to show somebody the door J. строить воздушные замки

11. to force an open door К. окно в мир

12. to call somebody on the carpet L. у стен есть уши

13. a magic carpetM. дать кому-либо нагоняй

14. walls have earsN. делать что-либо секретно

15. to drive somebody to theО. обивать пороги wall

Exercise 4

Speak about the room where you live. Make use of the topical vocabulary.

Exercise 5 (15-20 sentences)

Write a composition or an essay on one of the topics:

1. My Dream House.

2. Home Sweet Home.

3. One’s Character Shows in His or Her Home.

4. Why There Is Always a Mess in My Room.

5. I Like to Stay at My Grandma’s Place.

The American Home

American apartments are usually described as one-bedroom (studio apartments), two- bedroom or three-bedroom apartments. Two- and three-bedroom apartments usually have a connecting living-room; frequently they have two bathrooms. Virtually all apartments have built-in closets with doors, which are used instead of wardrobes. Frequently apartments are without lights but have several outlets for table or floor lamps. The walls are often painted rather than wall-papered. The entrance generally is directly into the living room area; halls are rarely in evidence. Floors are generally covered with wall-to-wall carpeting. Apartment buildings usually have laundry facilities on the ground floor. Almost all apartments have refrigerators, most people now use microwave ovens which provide very convenient and fast cooking. Most apartments and houses have central thermostat which regulate the temperature.

There are two types of apartments: a rented apartment and a condominium, which an individual owns rather than rents. In addition there are town-houses which are joint houses or apartments in a compact planned group in a town. Town-houses can be purchased or rented. Rented apartments can range from a few hundred to thousands of dollars per month. The purchase price of condominiums and town-houses can range from thirty thousand to hundreds of thousands of dollars.

In the US the historical preference since the 1950′s has been for people to purchase their own houses in the suburbs rather than in central areas of the cities. Private houses are the most expensive. Real estate firms advertise lands, houses and apartments and provide a market for buyers and sellers. The cost of private houses has escalated sharply in recent years and consequently people have sought to buy town-houses and condominiums which generally are cheaper.

A mobile home is the cheapest form of housing that can be purchased. Mobile homes can be moved from place to place by trucks. Mobile homes are located in special mobile home parks, which are sometimes called mobile villages. They are usually on the outskirts of cities. Retired people and young people with low income reside in mobile homes which can be purchased or rented.

Exercise 6 Comprehension questions.

How can American apartments usually be described?

What rooms do they usually have?

What is the most typical decoration of the apartments?

Where are laundry facilities installed?

What do they use to regulate the temperature?

What are the two types of apartments?

Can town-houses be purchased or rented?

What is the purchase price of condominiums?

What houses are the most expensive? 10. What can you say about mobile homes?

Exercise 7 Match the words and phrases in column A with those in column B.

A

В

1.

a housewarming party

a.

подниматься по лестнице

2.

to plaster

b.

новоселье

3.

central heating

c.

оклеивать стены обоями

4.

upholstered furniture

5.to paint window-frames white

6.to take a shower

7.to go upstairs

8.a tap, a faucet

9.to cross the threshold

10.to paper walls

11.a nursery

12.an adjoining room

13.a cabinet



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